The Polis Center researches the trends and impacts of social and environmental issues in our community. The selection of reports below showcases our research, often conducted in collaboration with partners. This portfolio includes Polis Center Annual Reports, Disaster Planning Reports, and SAVI Community Trends Reports.
This report features highlights from fiscal year 2019 from each emphasis area.
The 2019 Indiana Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan lays the framework for accomplishing one of the Indiana Department of Homeland Security’s top 2019-2020 strategic priorities of expanding mitigation and resiliency in the State of Indiana. The plan takes into account the expansion of statewide collaboration and planning; safety promotion; the implementation of a statewide mitigation strategy; and the strengthening of partnerships that impact resiliency.
This report features highlights for each emphasis area begun or completed during fiscal year 2018.
This report summarizes the state of domestic violence in Marion County in 2016, and presents trends in the data between 2009 and 2016. It builds upon the 2013 feasibility study and 2014 update conducted by the Polis Center at IUPUI in partnership with the Domestic Violence Network. This report provides an update on the statistics previously published in 2014, and adds an assessment of major trends in the data between 2009 and 2016 (the years for which data is available from most sources). This report also lays the foundation for building a web interface to publish the results of this analysis in 2018.
In our previous report on neighborhood change, we discovered that 2010-2016 was a period of rapid sociodemographic change in the Central Indiana region, and for this report, we set out to discover to what degree similar changes could be seen in schools. We quickly learned that despite an environment of relatively open access to academic assessment data, there was no easy access to regional-level information on school quality, improvement, demographics, and overall change. This report explores school demographic changes and their relationship to demographic changes in our region and in our neighborhoods. Future analyses will look at school performance and quality more broadly.
Gentrification is broadly considered to be racial and cultural displacement driven by increased housing demand. To examine these trends, the analysis we conducted for this report focused on change in five factors that indicate neighborhood demand and may signal cultural changes at the neighborhood level. These five factors include population, young adult share of the population, white share of the population, average family income (in 2016 dollars), and percent of the population with a bachelor’s degree.
This Polis annual report highlights projects from each emphasis area conducted during fiscal year 2017. Of note, the IndyVitals tool was nominated for a TechPoint Mira Award, the “Oscars”
of the Indiana technology community; the Indiana Partnership for Health Communities (IN-PHC) completed largest contract to date with Parkview Health Systems in northeast Indiana; and Polis began a partnership on the IU Grand Challenge Initiative, “Prepared for Environmental Change,” developing data and analysis infrastructure and deep mapping.
This analysis looks at transit ridership in Marion County. Data from ridership surveys are combined with neighborhood statistics, allowing us to consider the role of transit and the service it provides to our community’s diverse ridership. Approximately every five years, transit agencies conduct onboard surveys which typically include questions about riders’ transit behavior and other information about themselves. The responses are used to plan improvements to service and operations. The Indianapolis Metropolitan Planning Organization, in partnership with the Indianapolis Public Transit Corporation (IndyGo), most recently completed one of these surveys in October 2016.
This report aims to help us understand tobacco access in the Indianapolis metro area. Based on smoking statistics, tobacco use is an even greater problem in Indiana and in Indianapolis than in the country as a whole. In 2016, the adult smoking rates of the five healthiest states ranged from 9.1 to 13.8%. Indiana ranks 39th, with an adult smoking rate of 20.6%, while Marion County has a rate of 21.8%. Tobacco use has significant economic and tax consequences for Indiana. The annual direct cost of Indiana health care attributable to smoking is estimated to be $2.93 billion dollars. The state and federal tax burden from smoking is $903 per household, as measured by government expenditures. The additional annual cost for lost productivity due to tobacco use is estimated at $3.17 billion. Most Hoosiers who smoke want to quit. Ready access to tobacco outlets and repeated exposure to tobacco advertising can make quitting harder to accomplish. Easy retail access to tobacco also makes it more likely that people will begin to smoke. In Indiana, we have 8,593 licensed tobacco retailers and in the Indianapolis metro area we have 1,952. As this report demonstrates, these outlets are not evenly distributed. Tobacco retail density has become a measure of environmental health risk. In addition to providing more opportunities to purchase tobacco, higher density of retail tobacco outlets increases exposure to POS marketing, such as signs that display information on available brands, and sales prices, and prominent in-store product placement. POS marketing is one of the few remaining means that tobacco retailers can use to target potential users. Retail density and POS marketing increase the usage of tobacco and raise the health risks of residents.
This report features highlights from Polis’ 2016 fiscal year.
In this report, we will define affordable housing and subsidized housing and explore the drivers and interrelatedness of each. We also will look at general policy challenges in creating adequate affordable housing and the reason why it is a relevant policy goal, especially for low-income families. In addition, we will provide a brief examination of policy options for local governments and civic leaders who have an interest in local and regional housing policy.
Two communities that are both situated within the Indianapolis metropolitan area and separated by only 28 miles are in reality worlds apart. One sits in a northeastern suburb of Indianapolis. Its residents have a life expectancy of 83.7 years, rivaling the top-ranking countries of the world, Switzerland (83 years) and Japan (84 years). Taking a drive from that community along I-465 and I-70 into the city, life expectancy drops off – to 78.9 years, then to 74.2 years – until you arrive in the second community, situated within the urban core directly south of Monument Circle. Its residents have a life expectancy of 69.4 years, similar to countries like Uzbekistan (69 years), Bangladesh (70 years), and Iraq (70 years). 28 miles, 14 years…and worlds apart. Why? This report explores this question and shares results of our analysis of life expectancy across the 11 counties and more than 100 ZIP codes in the Indianapolis metro area.
In this report, we explore the trends in crime rates in the 94 neighborhoods and 201 census tracts within the IMPD service area from 2007 to 2014.
This report features highlights from the Polis Center’s fiscal year 2014.
Up to now, it has been very difficult to generate statistics describing the state of domestic violence in Marion County. This report presents the findings of a feasibility study conducted by The Polis Center at IUPUI for the Domestic Violence Network to link data from four sources that collect information on victims and perpetrators of domestic violence in the legal system, including The Julian Center, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department (IMPD), Marion County Prosecutor’s Office, Indiana Supreme Court. The purpose of the project was to demonstrates the feasibility of integrating the domestic violence data, given the quality and incompleteness of some of the required data sets, and to determine what analysis and reporting are possible given these limitations. Data had to be cleaned and standardized to ensure comparability across the data sets, and an algorithm was developed to identify unique individuals across all data sets. The result is a report of statistics representing the picture of domestic violence for incidents where the legal system is involved.
At the request of Indiana Department of Homeland Security (IDHS) Planning Division, The Polis Center performed an enhanced (Hazus Level 2) earthquake analysis for IDHS Regions 5, 7, 8, and 10 comprising 35 counties in southern and central Indiana. For the purposes of this study, the Indiana Geological Survey (IGS) provided geological information and recommendations for modeling a 6.8 moment magnitude scenario with an epicenter at Latitude 38.41088, Longitude -87.761417, which is located in Mt. Carmel, Illinois. This scenario was chosen by the Indiana
Geological Survey to simulate a Wabash Valley earthquake. The epicenter is also the location of the recent May 2010 earthquake. The Hazus-MH vsn. 2.1 (Patch 1) earthquake model was used to generate the ground motions for the modeled scenario. In order to derive the most realistic ground motions possible from HazusMH, The Polis Center supplied it with maps of NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program) compliant soils boundaries as well as liquefaction potential boundaries. These maps covered the entire modeled region. This report provides a summary of the potential impacts of the earthquake as modeled in HazusMH in each of the four IDHS Regions. This includes estimates of the number of buildings damaged based on occupancies as well as potential impacts on five categories of essential facilities. Region summaries are supplemented by county level breakdowns of the same information as well as assessments of transportation impacts, displaced households, and shelter needs.
This report features project highlights from the Polis Center’s fiscal year 2013.
The primary objective of this project is to evaluate the technical issues, opportunities, and costs associated with deployment and geoprocessing of IndianaMap Cadastral data in Amazon Cloud Platforms. The IndianaMap portals were developed to provide a central single-source repository of data to support transportation planning, economic development, environmental assessment, and emergency response. The Indiana Office of Technology (IOT) working with the Indiana Department of Homeland Security (IDHS), and the Indiana Geographic Information Council (IGIC) have developed a strategy for creating a seamless parcel map for Indiana.
This report features project highlights from the Polis Centers 2012 fiscal year.
Indiana Black Expo, Inc.’s 2012 State of Our Black Youth Report (SOBY) presents statewide data on the health and well-being of Indiana’s Black youth, as well as local data for the following 16 communities: Anderson, East Chicago, Elkhart, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Gary, Hammond, Indianapolis, Jeffersonville, Kokomo, Lafayette, Marion, Michigan City, Muncie, South Bend and Terre Haute. The 2012 report, third in the series, provides updates for data contained in the 2005 and 2007 reports, as well as data for new indicators. Additionally, the report offers recommended strategies and promising practices to consider when addressing challenges and enhancing strengths identified by the data.
Poverty is on the rise across the board, but some segments of the population are disproportionately affected. This report looks at the disparities in poverty by age, race, gender, education levels, and geography.
This document indicates what data is in the system as of 2012. It includes SOCIAL VULNERABILITIES, data reported by various geographic boundaries that describe the demographics and social characteristics of the community; REPORTING LEVEL/GEOGRAPHIES, which establish a relative location and are units by which the vulnerability data are reported; and SOCIAL ASSETS, which are sites, programs, and agencies in the community.
The Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) Sustainable Communities Initiative supports community-driven efforts to revitalize neighborhoods through comprehensive community development. In 2006, Indianapolis launched the Great Indy Neighborhoods Initiative (GINI) to promote healthy communities through comprehensive quality of life planning and development. This effort has resulted in several programs and targeted investments in six demonstration sites throughout the city. This report is intended to help local funders, civic and neighborhood leaders, and LISC staff monitors change in these areas of concentrated investment by providing local data and indicators about the quality of life in one of the six demonstration neighborhoods, Crooked Creek.
The Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) Sustainable Communities Initiatives supports community-driven efforts to revitalize neighborhoods through comprehensive community development. In 2006, Indianapolis launched the Great Indy Neighborhoods Initiative (GINI) to promote healthy communities through comprehensive quality-of-life planning and development. This effort has resulted in several programs and targeted investments in six demonstration sites throughout the city. This report is intended to help local funders, civic and neighborhood leaders, and LISC staff monitor change in these areas of concentrated investment by providing local data and indicators of quality-of-life in one of the six target neighborhoods, West Indianapolis.
The Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) Sustainable Communities Initiatives supports community-driven efforts to revitalize neighborhoods through comprehensive community development. In 2006, Indianapolis launched the Great Indy Neighborhoods Initiative (GINI) to promote healthy communities through comprehensive quality of life planning and development. This effort has resulted in several programs and targeted investments in six demonstration sites throughout the city. This report is intended to help local funders, civic and neighborhood leaders, and LISC staff monitor change in these areas of concentrated investment by providing local data and indicators about the quality of life in one of the six demonstration neighborhoods, the Near Westside.
This resource guide contains useful information for those who would like to use data to assess the health status of an Indiana community. Targeted users include local organizations such as county health departments and community health coalitions. Being able to access and use relevant data and information resources is a common hurdle for those interested in assessing and advancing community health. As a result of this need and at the request of the Community Advisory Council of the Community Health Engagement Program, we developed this resource guide to assist individuals, organizations, and coalitions in Indiana in identifying appropriate resources that guide their community health research and evaluation activities.
The SAVI Community Information System is the nation’s largest spatially-enabled system of its type, providing local organizations, researchers, and involved citizens with the detailed, geographically precise information needed to make well-informed decisions. SAVI contains a wealth of free data about the social, physical, and economic conditions of Central Indiana communities from counties to neighborhoods and census tracts, as well as information on thousands of non-profit and community-based organizations and programs. SAVI is a donor-supported, Web-based, interactive system that allows users to create custom maps, graphs, charts, and data profiles of over 2,000 Central Indiana communities. SAVI collects data from nearly 30 organizations and agencies. We make the data mappable, standardize it, and group it into meaningful categories. SAVI includes data on eleven counties in Central Indiana, including Marion, Boone, Brown, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Johnson, Madison, Morgan, Putnam, and Shelby. With 60 gigabytes and 20 years of data,The SAVI data catalog is a detailed inventory, organized by category and source, of all vulnerability data found in the SAVI Community Information System database. For each topic, the data catalog provides detailed information on source providers, SAVI processing and output, SAVI indicators, reporting levels, data years, and limitations and assumptions. We created the catalog to help users understand the breadth of data available on the SAVI website and the nuances important when using and analyzing the data. The catalog can be used to determine if SAVI includes a particular data source or data about a certain topic and to learn the important details about the data in SAVI that are important to consider before using it for a particular purpose such as research.
The early reputation as a “big city with a small-town feel” possibly carried with it notions of a racially/ethnically homogenous community, or less open and inclusive one than found in other cities. However, the data visualized in this report indicates Indianapolis is becoming a more culturally dynamic city, and many different kinds of changes can be seen at the neighborhood level.
Highlights from the Polis Centers 1999 fiscal year.
Highlights from the Polis Center’s 1998 fiscal year.